European Union-wide electronic system for the identification of asylum-seekers
Since 15 January 2003, the fingerprints of anyone over the age of 14 who applies for asylum in the European Union, in Norway or in Iceland are stored in a database called EURODAC. EURODAC was created to support the development of an asylum policy common to all Member States of the European Union. EURODAC aims at facilitating the Dublin Regulation (Council Regulation (EC) No 343/2003 of 18 February 2003) which determines the Member State responsible for examining an asylum application. This Regulation establishes a series of criteria which allocate responsibility for examining an asylum application to the Member State that permitted the applicant to enter or reside. That Member State is then responsible for examining the application according to its national law and is obliged to take back its applicants who are irregularly in another Member State.